Simultaneous determination of trace aluminum (III), copper (II) and cadmium (II) in water samples by square-wave adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry in the presence of oxine

Abstract

A validated adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry method is described for simultaneous determination of Al(III), Cu(II) and Cd(II) in water samples. In acetate buffer (pH 5) containing 10 lM oxine, these metal ions were determined as oxine complexes following adsorptive accumulation onto the HMDE at -0.05 V versus Ag/AgCl/KCls. The best signal to noise ratio was obtained using a square wave of scan increment 10 mV, frequency 120 Hz, and pulse-amplitude 25 mV. Limits of detection as low as 0.020 lg L-1 Al(III), 0.012 lg L-1 Cu(II) and 0.028 lg L-1 Cd(II) were achieved. Interference due to various cations (K(I), Na(I), Mg(II), Ca(II), Mn(II), Fe(III), Bi(III), Sb(III), Se(IV), Pb(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Co(II)), anions (Cl-, NO3-, SO4 2-, PO4 3-) and ascorbic acid was minimal as the measured signals change by 4% at the maximum. The stripping voltammetry method was successfully applied for simultaneous determination of Al(III), Cu(II) and Cd(II) in tap and natural bottled water samples.

 

 

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